Home » General » Appeal to teaching community, teachers and teacher unions! Unknown Facts about “Founding Father Of Modern India” – REVOLUTIONARY DR.BABASAHEB AMBEDKAR

Appeal to teaching community, teachers and teacher unions! Unknown Facts about “Founding Father Of Modern India” – REVOLUTIONARY DR.BABASAHEB AMBEDKAR

Start here


1) Unknown Facts about “Founding Father Of Modern India” — Revolutionary DR. BABASAHEB AMBEDKAR;

If Revolutionary Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar born in any other nation, concern nation can pride him and provided countless awards for his contribution in the various field to the nation. He is one of the person in India with multi dimensional. According to Petty minded Indians, Dr. Babasaheb is mostly related only with two things. One is ‘Architect of Indian Constitution’ and other as the leader of some particular section. But “Founding Father of Modern India” who contributed in the various field to our nation is totally ignored and hiding. Indians only want the outcome, but never give credit to the person.

As an Indian and a youth, it is my pleasure and very proud to share about most of the unknown facts about “Our Founding Father Of Modern India”– Revolutionary DR. BABASAHEB AMBEDKAR.

*) Only an Indian who top in top world 1st talented person, according to Cambridge University, England 2011.

*) Prof. Amartya Sen, 6th Indian to get Prestigious Nobel Prize winning economist claimed, “Dr. Ambedkar is my Father in Economics”

*) Hindu Code Bill:
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar resigned from the post of the first Law Minister of India when his noble ‘Hindu Code Bill’ a women’s Rights for Indian Women dropped by then Prime Minister Nehru. But None of the women’s organisation talks about it. The contribution of Dr. Babasaheb for women empowerment in India is totally ignored and hiding. For three years, he fought to get the Bill passed. It was the greatest ever social reform in India. It is nothing but declaration of women rights. It spoke of giving back dignity to Indian women and giving equal rights to men and women. They are Rights to property, Order of succesion to property, marriage, divorce, guardianship. It was by any time a revolutionary measure and first step towards the recognition and empowerment of women in India. By these a women will have property in her own right and able to dispose of her property. The orthodoxy in the ruling party led by Shyama Prasad Mukherjee didn’t allow this bill to be passed. Even the women member Sarojani against for these women rights.
*) As a Labour Member of the Viceroy’s Executive Council between 1942 and 1946, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar framed many laws for Women labours in India. They are,                                                                                                                                                      a. Mines Maternity Benefit Act,                                                                                                                                                                      b. Women Labour welfare fund,                                                                                                                                                                 c. Women and Child, Labour Protection Act,                                                                                                                                                               d. Maternity Benefit for women Labour,                                                                                                                                                                    e. Restoration of Ban on Employment of Women on Underground work in Coal Mines,                                                                                            f. Equal pay for equal work irrespective of the sex.


*) Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar’s role for ‘Maternity Benefit Act’ and ‘Equal pay for equal work irrespective of the sex’;                                                                                                                                                                                         

  1. a) Maternity Benefit Act: I don’t know how many Indian women knows the contribution of Revolutionary Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar’s major role for the Maternity Benefits bill in the Bombay legislature in July, 1928 itself for the factory women workers. In fact it was the first Maternity Benefits Act passed in India in 1929 by the Bombay legislature.                                                                                                                                            On this regard he said, “I believe that it is in the interests of the nation that the mother ought to get a certain amount of rest during the pre-natal period and also subsequently. I am prepared to admit this fact because the conservation of the people’s welfare is primarily the concern of the Government. And in every country, therefore, where the maternity benefit has been introduced, you will find that the Government has been subjected to a certain amount of charge with regard to maternity benefit. I think, therefore, the benefits contemplated by this bill ought to be given by this Legislature to the poor women who toil in our factories in this Presidency.”  Subsequently the Madras Maternity Benefit Act was passed by the Madras Legislature Council in 1934 and subsequently in other provinces of India.

As a Labour Minister in the Viceroy executive council between 1942 and 1946, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was instrumental in bringing the Mines Maternity Benefit Bill for women in all over India. Under this act, a woman working in the mine is entitled to maternity benefit for a period of 8 weeks. This period of 8 weeks is divided into two parts of four weeks each, one part preceding delivery and another part succeeding delivery. Later all the acts of Maternity Benefit of various states were repealed and a common Maternity Benefit Act-1961 was adopted by the Central Government for all states in India.

  1. b) Equal pay for equal work irrespective of the sex: Revolutionary Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was the first person who brought “Equal pay for equal work irrespective of the sex” in India in terms of Industrial workers as a Labour Minister in the Viceroy executive council. On this regard he said, “We have also taken care to see, and this is an important point, that women shall be paid the same wages as men. It is for the first time that I think in any industry the principle has been established of equal pay for equal work irrespective of the sex.” ( In Tamil: “ஆண்களுக்கு அளிக்கப்படும் அதே ஊதியம் பெண்களுக்கு வழங்கப்பட வேண்டும் என்பதில் நாங்கள் கவனமாக இருந்தோம். இது ஒரு முக்கியமான விசியமாகும். பால் பாகுபாடின்றி சம வேலைக்கு சம ஊதியம் என்னும் கோட்பாடு வேறு எந்த தொழிலும் இல்லாதவாறு இத்தொழில்தான் முதல் முறையாக நிலைநாட்டப்பட்டது” )

While drafting the Indian Constitution, Dr. Babasaheb played major contribution for embodied the Article 39(d) relates the state to strive for securing equal pay for equal work of both men and women in the Part IV of the directive principles of the State Policy.

*) Finance Commission of India and its reports:                                                                                                                              The original source of reference for all the Finance Commission of India reports in a way, are based on Dr.Babasaheb’s Ph.d thesis, “The Evolution of Provincial Finance in British India”, written in 1923. The man who started the provision for finance commission every five years in the Indian Constitution was none other than Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar.

*) Right to Vote:
Now all Indians have right to vote without bias in gender or caste or class or literacy or religion. It was Revolutionary Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar who voiced as the first person in India for the ‘Universal Adult Franchise’ before the Southborough Commission. Later again he voiced before the Simon Commission for all Indians without bias in gender, Caste, Class, literacy and religion. I don’t know how many Indians know, it was because of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar who conferred the fundamentals of democratic principle ‘Adult franchise’ in the Indian social reality i,e right to vote to every Indian without any discrimination through the Indian Constitution. For this, Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar faced the radical problem from Mr. Vallabhai Patel.

*) Voting Rights To All Indian Women:

Today Our constitution granted voting rights to all Indian women as a right because of him. But before Independent India, it is not easy task for everyone ‘right to vote’ even men also. Mostly the Right to vote was given only to those the rich, the landed and the tax payers.
*) Reserve Bank of India:
The Reserve Bank of India was conceptualized based on the guidelines presented by Dr. Babasaheb to the Hilton Young Commission in 1925. His Ph.d thesis, “The Problem of the Rupee- Its Problems and Its Solution” was the reference tool and guidelines for the RBI Act 1934.
*) Thoughts on Linguistic States:
Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar book, “Thoughts on Linguistic States”, was written in 1955. His ideas were proved right and his assessment of the creation of new states in the federal polity is relevant in post-Independent India. Dr. Babasaheb seemed to have solutions to all such problems. Dr. Babsaheb had recommended to the States Reorganisation Commission in 1955 for the division of Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Maharastra and Uttar Pradesh. Further, he envisaged the division of Uttar Pradesh into three States (Western, Central and Eastern); Bihar split into two, with Patna and Ranchi as the capitals. (North and South or present Jharkhand); Madhya Pradesh into two (Northern and Southern); and Maharashtra into three (Western,Central and Eastern). One of his major proposals was to make Hyderabad the second capital of India because of the centrality of location, as a junction of North and South, and on defence considerations. After almost 45 years both states Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand were formed in the year 2000. Now Telangana state in 2014.

*) Many fellows wrongly thought that Dr. Babasaheb’s inclusion into constituent assembly was by Mr. Gandhi. But the entry of Dr. Babasaheb was mainly due to his professional approach, his excellent knowledge of constitution and his great work in “States and Minorities” which is a part foundation of our constitution today and his love over our Nation. The work done by Dr. Babasaheb in various sub-committees ( Advisory Committee, Fundamental Rights sub-committee, Minorities sub-committee, Union Constitution Committee ) of the Constitutional Assembly were considered very useful. He submitted a memorandum to the Fundamental Rights sub-committee in which he gave concrete shape ideas. This memorandum was later published for wider circulation under the title ‘States and Minorities, what are their rights and how to secure them in the Constitution of free India’.

*) Myth behind the Reservation and Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar:

Many illiterate says, “Dr. Ambedkar created the reservation only for ten years”. I ask them, did they ever read or know about what Poona Pact mean..?? If not, first go and read at least about what the Poona Pact mean and broad yourself whom the nasty created the Reservation. Of course it was created by Mr. Mohandas Gandhi who fast unto death and denied the rights of Scheduled Class / Scheduled Tribes section from the Separate Representation. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar voiced for the separate representation only. The then Prime Minister of Britain, Ramsay Macdonald agreed it for not only Scheduled Class / Scheduled Tribes but also for Muslims, Sikhs, Anglo-Indians and Christians. Gandhi had no problem for the separate representation to Muslims and Sikhs but against the separate representation to Scheduled Class / Scheduled Tribes, Anglo-Indians and Christians. No such dark face of Cunning Gandhi was screened in Gandhi film. Mr. Gandhi and his co-hindutva forced Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar for the agreement of Poona Pact and thus the reservation was created.

*) Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar resigned from the post of the first Law Minister of India. In his Statement of explanation of his Resignation, he mentioned one of the reason that dissatisfied with the Government relates to the treatment accorded to the Backward Classes and the Scheduled Class/Scheduled Tribes. He said that the Constitution did not embody any safeguards for the Backward Classes not even appointing the Backward Classes Commission.

*) Father of Indian Law.

*) India’s 1st Law Minister.

*) Only an Indian whose photo in London Museum along with Karl Marx.

*) He incorporated the wheel of Dhamma chakra also known as ‘Ashoka Chakra’ in the Indian national flag and the Lions from an Ashokan Pillar at Sarnath was adopted as National Emblem.

*) Chief architect of Indian Constitution.

*) India’s Greatest Brilliant Lawyer.

*) 1st man who against directly about ‘Cunning’ and ‘Seasonal Politician’ of India – Mr. GANDHI.

*) Chief adversary to the Indian National Congress.

*) Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar’s inspiration for writing his “The Buddha and His Dhamma” was none other than Pandit Iyodhi Dhass disciple Lakshmi Narasu work  “The Essence Of Buddhism” from Madras.

*) Revolutionary and Revivalist for our Indian orgin ‘BUDDHISM’ in modern India again after Bodhisattava Pandit Iyothi Dhass.

*) 1st man who fired the inhuman stupid mythology of Hindu code book so called ‘Manusmriti’ in publicly.

*) 1st Indian who graduated D.Sc in Economics.

*) 1st Ph.d in Economics and 1st double doctorate in Economics in South Asia.

*) EDUCATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS;

1) Passed 10th Matriculation in 1908. He just scored 282 out of 750 Marks.

2) B.A – (Politics and Economics) Bombay University in 1912.

3) M.A – (Economics – For his thesis ‘Ancient Indian Commerce’) in America in 1915.

4) Ph.d – (Economics – For his thesis ‘The evolution of provincial finance in British India’) in Columbia University, America in 1917.

5) D.Sc – (Thesis – ‘Problem of the Rupee – Its origin and its solution’) in London School of Economics in 1923.

6) M.Sc – (Economics – For his thesis ‘Provincial Decentralisation of Imperial Finance in British India’) London.

7) Bar-At-Law – Gray’s Inn in London, 1923.

8) Political Economics – Germany.

9) LLD – (Honoris) Columbia University, New York, For his achievements of leadership and authoring the Constitution of India.

10) D.Litt – (Honoris) Osmania University, Hyderabad, For his achievements, Leadership and writing the constitution of India.

11) 1st Indian who graduated D.Sc in Economics.

12) 1st Ph.D in Economics and 1st double doctorate in Economics in South Asia.

*) OTHER TITLES;                                                                                                                                                                              Great constitutionalist, a Greatest Revolutionary, Bodhisatva, a parliamentarian, Economist, Sociologist, Great politician, Indian Jurist, Buddhist activist, Philosopher, Thinker, Anthropologist, Historian, Orator, Prolific writer, Social reformer.

*) “Saviour Of Labours Rights in India” — Revolutionary Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar:

If there any person who secured the rights of Labours in India, the person was none other than “Founding Father of Modern India” Revolutionary Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar. Of course today there are thousands of labours leaders in India. But without Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar at least whatever so today the rights secured by the Labours in India would be only question mark.  As a Labour leader and Lobour Member of the Viceroy’s Executive Council between 1942 and 1946, Dr.Babasaheb framed many laws for labours in India. He sworn as the Labour Member of the Viceroy’s Executive Council in July 20th, 1942. They are,

1) Reduction in Factory Working Hours (8 hours duty):                                                                                                   Today the working hours in India per day is about 8 hours. Really I do not know how many Indians know, Dr.Babasaheb was the Saviour of Labours in India. He brought 8 hours duty in India and change the working time from 12 hours to 8 hours became a light for workers in India. He brought it on the 7th session of Indian Labour Conference in New Delhi, November 27, 1942. The Indian Labour Conference, consisting of the representatives of Central and Provincial Governments, important states and employers and workers organizations unanimously supported the principle of the 48-hour week in India’s factories at its meeting.

The Text of speech of Dr. Babasaheb, “It emphasised that the present was an opportune moment for taking up this question because there was a need for giving relief to factory workers. Moreover, shorter hours would lead to greater employment. The memorandum made it clear that the reduction in hours should not be accompanied by any reduction in basic wages or dearness allowances unless there was a fall in prices”

 

2) Tripartite Labour Conference:                                                                                                                                                      On August 7, 1942 he called for the Tripartite Labour Conference in New Delhi. The objects were namely, the laying down of a procedure for the settlement of industrial disputes and the discussion of all matters of All-India importance as between Labour and Capital. The great achievement of the Tripartite Conference is the fundamental change it has brought about in the outlook of Government and of Employers and of Employees on labour problems, Establishment of Employment Exchanges, and Collection of Statistics under the Industrial Statistics Act.
The Text of speech of Dr. Babasaheb,I do claim credit for the Tripartite Labour Conference, that, if we have done nothing more, we have at least done one thing, namely, to induce, if not to compel, the representatives of employees to meet the representatives of employers and discuss matters of the utmost and gravest importance.”

3) Industrial Disputes:                                                                                                                                                                    Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was instrumental in set up the two bodies 1) Plenary Conference, and 2) Standing Advisory Committee to discuss industrial problems of Labour Welfare both in their legislative and administrative aspects and also to advise the Government of India as to the most satisfactory line of action in dealing with those problems.

4) Dr.Babasaheb framed many laws for Women Labours in India:

  1. Mines Maternity Benefit Act,
  2. Women Labour welfare fund,
  3. Women and Child, Labour Protection Act,
  4. Maternity Benefit for women Labour,
  5. Restoration of Ban on Employment of Women on Underground Work in Coal Mines,
  6. Equal pay for equal work irrespective of the sex: On this regard he said, “We have also taken care to see, and this is an important point, that women shall be paid the same wages as men. It is for the first time that I think in any industry the principle has been established of equal pay for equal work irrespective of the sex.

5) Compulsory Recognition of Trade Unions:

Indian Trade Unions Act was enacted in 1926. This act helped only to register the trade unions, not approved by the government. On 8 November, 1943 he brought the Indian Trade Unions (Amendment) Bill for compulsory recognition of trade unions. The Bill had three important features. They are to compel an employer to recognise a trade union, to imposes certain conditions on a trade union in order to make the trade union, to make non-recognition by an employer of a trade union, which has observed all the conditions prescribed in this measure and which has therefore qualified itself for recognition, an offence which is made punishable by law.

 

6) Employment Exchange in India:

Dr. Babasaheb was instrumental in bringing the establishment of employment exchanges. The Employment Exchanges was set up to helped the resettlement and employment of demobilized Services personnel and discharged war workers during the transition period. It also helped the mutual benefit to employers and employment-seekers and will ensure satisfactory distribution of manpower among various branches of production.

 

7) Employees State Insurance (ESI):

ESI helps the workers with medical care, medical leave, physically disabled during working injuries as compensation Insurance for providing various facilities. Dr. Babasaheb enacted and brought it for the benefit of workers. Actually India only brought ‘Insurance Act’ as the first nation among the East Asian countries. Credit goes to Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar.

8 ) Finance Commission of India and its reports:

The original source of reference for all the Finance Commission of India reports in a way, are based on Dr.Babasaheb’s Ph.d thesis, “The Evolution of Provincial Finance in British India”, written in 1923. The man who started the provision for finance commission every five years in the Indian Constitution was none other than Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar.

9) Reserve Bank of India:

The Reserve Bank of India was conceptualized based on the guidelines presented by Dr. Babasaheb to the Hilton Young Commission in 1925. His Ph.d thesis, “The Problem of the Rupee- Its Problems and Its Solution” was the reference tool and guidelines for the RBI Act 1934.
10) Minimum Wages:

For fixing minimum wages for labour, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was instrumental in drafting legislation on November 28, 1942.
11) Coal and Mica Mines Provident Fund:

* At the time, Coal Industry played a vital role in our country’s economy. Due to this, Dr.Babasaheb enacted the Coal Mines Safety (Stowing) Amendment Bill for the benefit of the workers on January 31st, 1944.

 * On 8th April 1945, he brought the Mica Mines Labour Welfare Fund which helped the workers with housing, water supplies, education, entertainment, improvement of educational facilities and standards of living among the workers, including nutrition, amelioration of social conditions and the provision of recreation and transport facilities, the improvement of public health and sanitation, the prevention of disease, the provision of medical facilities.

12) Post-war Development of Electric Power in India:

For the problems relating to the post-war development, Lord Linlithgow was set up the Reconstruction Committee of Council under the chairmanship of J. P. Srivastava. The Reconstruction Committee of Council was set up five different Reconstruction Committees. Among these committe, (Reconstruction Policy Committee) Public Works and Electric Power was under the chairmanship of Dr. Babasaheb. Problems relating to the post-war development of electric power in India were discussed by the Reconstruction Policy Committee. This Committee studied the problems connected with electric power and to make a recommendation as to the best way of solving them. Dr. Babasaheb emphasized that the country needed “cheap and abundant electricity”, without which no effort for industrialization could succeed and development of irrigation and electric power were essential to raise agricultural productivity. Dr. Babasaheb was instrumental in creating the department of power and advocated autonomous state electricity boards. He was also of the opinion that the central government should have the option to participate directly in the production and supply of electricity. In the early 1980s the concept of regional grids which was suggested by Dr. Babasaheb, was being extended to the creation of national ‘Grid System’. His initiatives subsequently led to the creation of a Power Supply Department at the Centre.

On October 25, 1943 at New Delhi he said, “I emphasise these considerations because what India wants is an assured supply of power, cheap power and abundant power.” He added electricity should be a purely provincial subject. Further, “I make a few observations pointing out the significance of and the ultimate objective that lies behind the need for electrical development in India ? It is necessary that those who are placed in charge of the subject should have the fullest realisation of its significance and its objective. If you agree with me in this I will request you to ask yourselves the question, Why do we want cheap and abundant electricity in India ? The answer is that without cheap an abundant electricity no effort for the industrialisation of India can succeed. This answer brings out only a part of the significance of the work this Committee has to undertake.”
13) Indian Statistical Law:

In 1942, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar passed the Indian Statistical Act. Later D.K. Paisendry ( Former Deputy Principal, Information Officer, Government of India) said in his book, without Dr. Babasaheb’s Indian Statistical Act he could not formulated the Labor conditions, their wage rates, other Income, Inflation, debt, housing, employment, deposits and other funds, labour disputes.

14) Labour Welfare Funds:

Dr. Babasaheb set up an Advisory Committee to advise on matters arising out of the Labour Welfare under B.P.Agarkar. Later he promulgated it on January, 1944.

 15) Technical Training Scheme and Skilled Workers:

He was instrumental in set up the best Technical Training Scheme for Workers in India. On August 24, 1944 in Calcutta, “No plan for the future development of the country can be deemed to be complete which does not provide for technical and scientific training. This is the age of Machine and it is only those countries in which technical and scientific training has risen to the highest pitch that will survive in the struggle that will commence when the war is over, for maintaining decent standards of living for their people. The Technical Training Scheme not only maintained but extended all over the country and become a permanent part of the country’s educational system”.
16) Foundation for Water resources and Electricity development in India :

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar laid the foundation for water resources and electricity development, the two sectors which are so crucial for the development of India when he was Member, Labour, Irrigation and Electric Power Department in the Executive Council of the Viceroy during 1942 to 1946. His major achievement was the establishment of two technical organizations, presently known as ‘Central Water Commission’ and ‘Central Electricity Authority’, that have contributed for the development of irrigation and power in the country.
The proposal for creation of Central Irrigation, Waterways Advisory Board was approved by Dr. Babasaheb in September 1944. Subsequently, it became Central Waterways, Irrigation, and Navigation Commission (CWINC) and was approved by Dr.Babasaheb in April 1945. It became Central Water Power, Irrigation and Navigation Commission (CWPINC) on 16th January 1948 and subsequently it became Central Water and Power Commission (CWPC) in April 1951. It was bifurcated into Central Water Commission and Central Electricity Authority in October 1974.

He only created the Central Technical Power Board (CTPB) on 8th November 1944 for power system development, hydro power station sites, hydro-electric surveys, analyzing problems of electricity generation and thermal power station investigation which was subsequently merged with CWPINC and became Central Water and Power Commission (CWPC) in April 1951.

He laid the foundation for the development of infrastructure in India such as electric power, irrigation, communication, roads and transport services and technical manpower were treated as prerequisites for industrial and agricultural development. He suggested interlinking of major south Indian rivers. He was man of Vision and foresight. While drafting the constitution of India, he has not put water resources and management entirely in the state list but he had concluded this subject under the provision of central control.

17) Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar — Instrumental in creating the Multi Purpose River Valley Projects and Large Dam Technologies in India:

Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar who was the Instrumental in creating the Multi Purpose River Valley Projects and Large Dam Technologies in India. If there any person who played the most central role in introducing large dam technologies and Multi Purpose Projects into India, the person was none other than Revolutionary Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar.

After all how many Indians know Dr.Babasaheb was instrumental in creating and outlined the projects like, 1) Damodar Valley project ( the first multipurpose river valley project in India ) in 1944 on the lines of Tennessee Valley Authority,

2) Bhakra dam ( India’s biggest multipurpose river valley project, Highest gravity dam in India ),

3) The Sone River Valley projects and

4) Hirakud dam ( Longest dam in India )
Babasaheb introduced the idea of establishment of Multipurpose river projects in India who was influenced on the lines of Tennessee Valley project. He was the 1st person in India has make effort for the establishment of Damodar Valley project. He was the pioneer of Multipurpose river projects in India.

  1. a) Damodar Valley project:

Damodar valley is known as ‘Sorrow of Bengal’ because of the problems of flooding. To tackle the problem Babasaheb had entrusted the work of planning and designing to Central Power Board set up the machinery and directed the planners, engineers who executive the plan prepared under his guidence. Till 1946, the responsiblity for the Damodar Valley project was under Babasaheb. Afterwards the entire work for the dam was given over to Damodar Development Corporation.

Here I just extract the address speech of Dr.Babasaheb before the representatives of Bengal and Bihar Governments at a Conference held in Calcutta on January 3, 1944 to discuss the means and methods for developing Damodar Valley as a Member, Labour, Irrigation and Electric Power Department in the Executive Council of the Viceroy. He said, “The Damodar project must be a multi-purpose project. We intend that it should not only deal with the problem caused by floods, it should also provide for irrigation, electricity and navigation. Along with the question of a site, these matters have also to be examined.”

On April 23 and 24, 1945 at New Delhi under the Chairmanship of the Dr. Babasaheb, it was Rs. 55 crores recommended to Damodar River Project for starting immediately the construction of the first dam (at Tilaiya). After considering the reports of the central Technical Power Board and the advice of the Tennessee Valley Authority engineers, Ross Reigel and Fred C. Schlemmer, and their associates, Rai Bahadur A. N. Khosia and Mr. M. Narasimhaiya, Chief Engineer, Mysore State, the conference was convinced-of the advisability of pushing forward as rapidly as possible the scheme as a whole. It has accepted the proposal that the dams across the Barakar, tributary of the Damodar, should be at Tilaiya (near Kodarma) and at Maithon, just above its confluence with the main river.

  1. b) Multi-purpose Plan for Development of Orissa’s Rivers:

In 1945, the plan outlined under the chairmanship of Dr. Babasaheb, it was decided to invest in the potential benefits of controlling Odisha rivers particularly Mahanadi for the multipurpose use to conserve water, serve irrigation, generating electric power etc., Mr. B.K. Gokhale, Adviser, the then H. E. to the Governor of Orissa, welcoming the plan outlined by Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar to invest in the potential benefits of controlling Odisha rivers particularly Mahanadi for the multipurpose use to conserve water, serve irrigation, generating electric power etc., and said: Orissa is perhaps the most backward part of India and no single project is likely to do more to improve the conditions of the people than the multipurpose development which we have under contemplation. Dr.Ambedkar outlined the history of Orissa up to modern times. Orissa expected that the thought which had been given to planning and regional development would start her on an era of happiness and prosperity.”

 Dr. Babasaheb in his Presidential address at a conference held in Cuttack on November 8, 1945 between the representatives of the Central Government and the Governments of Orissa, the Central Provinces and the Eastern States, to discuss the possibilities of developing Orissa rivers, “Orissa wants to get rid of the evils of floods. Orissa wants to get rid of malaria and other to use American phraseology ‘low-income’ diseases causing ill-health and corroding the stamina of her people. Orissa wants to raise the standard of living of her people and advance their prosperity by irrigation, by navigation and by producing cheap electrical power. All these purposes can fortunately be achieved by one single plan, namely to build reservoirs and store the water which is flowing in her rivers. There is another precious possession which Orissa has, namely her water wealth. The amount of water that passes through the Orissa delta is just vast. The delta comprising roughly the three districts of Cuttack, Puri and Balasore and covering an area of about 8,000 square miles is traversed by a network of distributaries arising mainly from three rivers, the Mahanadi, the Brahmani, and the Bailarani. Two more rivers the Burabalang and the Subarnarekha of relatively lesser importance, also pass through the delta. The three main rivers referred to above drain an area of 69,000 square miles above the delta, lying in the Eastern States, Central Provinces and Bihar. Of these the Mahanadi the largest of the three drains 51,000 square miles. Between them, these three rivers carry each year to the sea a discharge of about 90 million acre feet.”  Then he continued : “Given the resources, why has Orissa continued to be so poor, so backward and so wretched a province ? The only answer I can give is that Orissa has not found the best method of utilising her water wealth.”

On Conservation of Water:

“It is wrong to think water in excessive quantity is an evil. Water can never be so excessive as to be an evil. Man suffers more from lack of water than from excess of it. The trouble is that nature is not only niggardly in the amount: of water it gives, it is also erratic in its distribution alternating between drought and storm. But this cannot alter the fact that water is wealth. Water being the wealth of the people and its distribution being uncertain, the correct approach is not to complain against nature but to conserve water. If conservation of water is mandatory from the point of view of public good, then obviously the plan of embankments is a wrong plan. It is a mean which does not sub serve the end, namely conservation of water, and must, therefore, be abandoned.”

  1. c) Bhakra Dam project:

A major initiative was taken by Dr. Babasaheb when he was member in-charge of irrigation and power during 1942-1946 to take concrete steps to see that the Bhakra Dam project should be taken up on priority. An expert from the United States Bureau of Reclamation in 1944 was invited, who after examining the feasibility report recommended that the dam site was suitable for the construction of a dam with maximum reservoir level at 487.68m and suggested further exploration for foundation and abutments. This work was carried out during 1945-46, while Dr.Babasaheb was the Member of Irrigation of the Viceroy’s Council.

 18) Dearness Allowance (DA)

19) Holidays with Pay for Factory Workers

20) Health Insurance for Industrial Workers

21) The Legal Strike.

22) Provident Fund Act.

23) Revision of Scale of Pay for Employees.

Dr. Babasaheb believe that caste is not merely the division of labour but division of labourers based upon the graded inequality. Further in his ‘Annihilation of Caste’, Volume – I, Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar Writing and Speeches, “ In no other country is the division of labour accompanied by this gradation of labourers. There is also a third point of criticism against this view of the Caste System. This division of labour is not spontaneous; it is not based on natural aptitudes. Social and individual efficiency requires us to develop the capacity of an individual to the point of competency to choose and to make his own career. This principle is violated in the Caste System in so far as it involves an attempt to appoint tasks to individuals in advance, selected not on the basis of trained original capacities, but on that of the social status of the parents. Looked at from another point of view this stratification of occupations which is the result of the Caste System is positively pernicious. Industry is never static. It undergoes rapid and abrupt changes. With such changes an individual must be free to change his occupation. Without such freedom to adjust himself to changing circumstances it would be impossible for him to gain his livelihood. Now the Caste System will not allow Hindus to take to occupations where they are wanted if they do not belong to them by heredity. If a Hindu is seen to starve rather than take to new occupations not assigned to his Caste, the reason is to be found in the Caste System. By not permitting readjustment of occupations, caste becomes a direct cause of much of the unemployment we see in the country. As a form of division of labour the Caste system suffers from another serious defect. The division of labour brought about by the Caste System is not a division based on choice. Individual sentiment, individual preference has no place in it. It is based on the dogma of predestination.”
The speech delivered by Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar, Member for Labour, at the first session of the Plenary Labour Conference in New Delhi, Monday, September 6 1944: “It will not be enough to make industrial development of India as our goal. We shall have to agree that any such industrial development shall be maintained at a socially desirable level. It will not be enough to bend our energies for the production of more wealth in India. We shall have to agree not merely to recognise the basic right of all Indians to share in that wealth as a means for a decent and dignified existence but to devise ways and means to insure him against insecurity.”

With regards,

Ambeth BE (Civil)

Dharmapuri,

Tamil Nadu.

( Mail: sakyanambeth@gmail.com

Blog: ambedkarambeth.blogspot.in)

Reference:
1) Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar Writings and Speeches;

* Volume 1- Thoughts on Linguistic States.
* Volume 1 – Annihilation of Caste.
* Volume 2 – Dr. Ambedkar in the Bombay Legislature (1927 to 1939)
* Tamil Volume 18/ English Volume 10 – Dr. Ambedkar as Member of the Governor-General’s Executive Council (1942 to 1946).

* Volume 13 – Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar – ‘The Principal Architect of the Constitution of India’.

* Volume 14 – Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar and the Hindu Code Bill.

* Volume 17, Part 3 – Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Writings and Speeches.
2) A Tamil article by Tamil Maraiyan.

3) “Ambedkar Speaks” by Dr. Narendra Jadhav.
4) “Dr. Ambedkar Architect Of Economic Planning And Development Policies Of India” by Sharad Pawar.

Jai bheem..!

Long Live Ambedkarism….!!

  2) Progress for the society is measured by progress of women:

 Words of ‘Champion of Women’s Rights in India’ – Revolutionary Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar on women:

*) “I am a great believer in women’s organization. I know that what they can do to improve the condition of the society if they are convinced. In the eradication of social evils they have rendered great services. I will testify to that from my own experience. Ever since I began too work among the depressed classes, I made it a point to carry women along with men.” ( In Tamil – “பெண்கள் அமைப்பில் மிகுந்த நம்பிக்கையுடையவன் நான். அவர்களை மனம் ஒப்ப செய்துவிட்டால், சமுகத்தின் நிலையை உயர்த்திட அவர்களால் என்ன செய்யமுடியும் என்பது என்னக்கு தெரியும். சமுக அவலங்களை ஒழிப்பதில் அவர்கள் மிகபெரும் சேவை செய்திருகிறார்கள். எனது சொந்த அனுபவத்திலிருந்தே அதை நான் நிரூபிப்பேன்பட்டியலின மக்களிடையே நான் பணியாற்ற ஆரம்பித்த காலத்திலிருந்தே ஆண்களோடு பெண்களையும் உடன் இட்டு செல்லும் பழக்கத்தை மேற்கொண்டேன். )

*) “If men have to bear pain like the pain of mother while in the pre-natal condition and child birth, none of them who begets a child will comply another time in their life.” ( In Tamil – “குழந்தைப் பேறு சமயத்தில் பெண்கள் பட வேண்டியுள்ள வேதனைகளை ஆண்கள் பட வேண்டியிருந்தால் அவர்களில் யாரும் வாழ்நாளில் ஒரு முறைக்குமேல் குழந்தை பெற இணங்க மாட்டார்கள்.” )

*) “I measure the progress of the community by the degree of progress which women have achieved.” ( In Tamil – “பெண்கள் அடைந்திருக்கும் முன்னேற்ற அளவை வைத்துதான் ஒரு சமுதாயத்தின் முன்னேற்றத்தை நான் அளவிடுகிரேன்.”)

Revolutionary Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar’s contribution was great in the field of women’s empowerment who advocated for the liberation of women and gender equality in India. If there any persons worked for women’s liberation in India, they were none other than Buddha, Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar, EV.Ramasamy Periyar and Jyotirao Phule. Without Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar, atleast whateverso changes the position of Women today in India would be only question mark. There were many leaders fought for the women’s Rights in India. Most of them were failed in their action. But Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was the only person who changed the effort via Law. While drafting the Constitution of India, Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar was the prime mover of the welfare of women. He made the Article 14 to 16 as equal status to woman and also framed many laws for women.

Women are the victim of this evil caste system. They have been carried caste from one generation to another generation. They are taught from a young age that they have to do this and that, are pressured, oppressed, suppressed, forced, whether it is mental torture or something else. In the name of the Caste and the religion, women are tied up with the bondage of superstitious which they carry till their death. She has been used just like a machine for procreation. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar tried to broke down it in the way of laid down the foundation of concrete by “HINDU CODE BILL”. He wanted to see them as their husband friend and equal but not their slave.

As the first Law Minister of Independent India, he introduced Women rights as “HINDU CODE BILL” which Paved equal rights to man and Woman. It was the greatest ever social reform in India. It is nothing but declaration of women rights. They are Rights to property, Order of succesion to property, marriage, divorce, guardianship. It was by any time a revolutionary measure and first step towards the recognition and empowerment of women in India. By these a women will have property in her own right and able to dispose of her property. Unfortunately this revolutionary bill was partially dropped by then Prime Minister Nehru because of the orthodoxy Hindu members. Even the women member Sarojani against for these women rights. Due to this Dr.Babasaheb resinged his law minister.

In the Statement by Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar in explanation of his Resignation form Law Minister, “In the second place, I thought it necessary to stay on, for the sake of the Hindu Code. In the opinion of some it may be wrong for me to have held on for the sake of the Hindu Code. I took a different view. The Hindu Code was the greatest social reform measure ever undertaken by the Legislature in this country. No law passed by the Indian Legislature in the past or likely to be passed in the future can be compared to it in point of its significance. To leave inequality between class and class, between sex and sex which is the soul of Hindu Society untouched and to go on passing legislation relating to economic problems is to make a farce of our Constitution and to build a palace on a dung heap. This is the significance I attached to the Hindu Code.”

Although Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar could not succeed in getting passed the full Hindu Code Bill, he successfully laid the foundation of equality for the women of India in all spheres of life. Due to Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar efforts the women are now holding high positions in all.

What irritate me so long whenever I remember my Twelfth standard Class (2009), English 2nd Lesson as ‘Gandhi – The Ceaseless crusader for women’s Rights’. Mr. Gandhi who life long stinker of Orthodox Hindu and Mr. Nehru both they were denied women’s Rights. But today both Gandhi and Nehru shown as Crusader for Women’s Rights in India. None of the women organization talks about the contribution of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar. Even not a single line we can not see such like in the school text books about the contribution of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar. I never read such like anywhere in my Tamil Nadu Text school books.

Let see what Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar’s immense strived hard efforts for liberation and empowerment of Indian women. He framed many laws for Women in India as follows,

1) Dearness Allowance,

2) Women Labour welfare fund,

3) ESI,

4) Provident fund Act,

5) Women Labour Protection Act,

6) Maternity Benifit for women Labour bill,

7) Divorce Act,

8 ) Right over parental Property,

9) Leave Benefit to Piece Workers,

10) Revision of Scale of Pay for Employees,

11) Restoration of Ban on Women Working Underground in Mines etc.,

12) No marriage before age of 18 years,

13) Maintenance allowance from husband on getting legally separation,

14) Widow can adopt a child,

15) Mother can change guardian of minor by will.
16) Equal pay for equal work irrespective of the sex.

a) Maternity Benefit Act:

I don’t know how many Indian women knows the contribution of Revolutionary Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar’s major role for the Maternity Benefits bill in the Bombay legislature in July, 1928 itself for the factory women workers. In fact it was the first Maternity Benefits Act passed in India in 1929 by the Bombay legislature.

On this regard he said, “I believe that it is in the interests of the nation that the mother ought to get a certain amount of rest during the pre-natal period and also subsequently. I am prepared to admit this fact because the conservation of the people’s welfare is primarily the concern of the Government. And in every country, therefore, where the maternity benefit has been introduced, you will find that the Government has been subjected to a certain amount of charge with regard to maternity benefit. I think, therefore, the benefits contemplated by this bill ought to be given by this Legislature to the poor women who toil in our factories in this Presidency.”

Subsequently the Madras Maternity Benefit Act was passed by the Madras Legislature Coucil in 1934 and subsequently in other provinces of India.

As a Labour Minister in the Viceroy executive council between 1942 and 1946, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was instrumental in bringing the Mines Maternity Benefit Bill for women in all over India. Under this act, a woman working in the mine is entitled to maternity benefit for a period of 8 weeks. This period of 8 weeks is divided into two parts of four weeks each, one part preceding delivery and another part succeeding delivery. Later all the acts of Maternity Benefit of various states were repealed and a common Maternity Benefit Act-1961 was adopted by the Central Government for all states in India.

  1. b) Equal pay for equal work irrespective of the sex:

Revolutionary Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was the first person who brought “Equal pay for equal work irrespective of the sex” in India in terms of Industrial workers as a Labour Minister in the Viceroy executive council. On this regard he said, “We have also taken care to see, and this is an important point, that women shall be paid the same wages as men. It is for the first time that I think in any industry the principle has been established of equal pay for equal work irrespective of the sex.” ( In Tamil: “ஆண்களுக்கு அளிக்கப்படும் அதே ஊதியம் பெண்களுக்கு வழங்கப்பட வேண்டும் என்பதில் நாங்கள் கவனமாக இருந்தோம். இது ஒரு முக்கியமான விசியமாகும். பால் பாகுபாடின்றி சம வேலைக்கு சம ஊதியம் என்னும் கோட்பாடு வேறு எந்த தொழிலும் இல்லாதவாறு இத்தொழில்தான் முதல் முறையாக நிலைநாட்டப்பட்டது” )

While drafting the Indian Constitution, Dr. Babasaheb played major contribution for embodied the Article 39(d) relates the state to strive for securing equal pay for equal work of both men and women in the Part IV of the directive principles of the State Policy

  1. c) Voting Rights To All Indian Women:
    Even I don’t know how many Indian Women’s know the contribution of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar who fight for equal rights for women and for their voting rights. Today our constitution granted voting rights to all Indian women as a right because of him. But before Independent India, it is not easy task for everyone ‘right to vote’ even men also. Mostly the Right to vote was given only to those the rich, the landed and the tax payers.

E.V.Ramasamy Periyar contribution for the upliftment of Women also great one. He condemned the lower strata of Women’s on the name of supertitous in Religion. He wanted women should be given equal right along with men. On these, he reformed many like Self-respect marriages, Widow-remarriage, Abolition of Child marriages.

However rape, violence against women, gender discrimination, physical abuse are all problems that face more by women in India now-a-days. National Crime Records Bureau, 2001-11 reports that the extent of atrocities committed against Scheduled Class is enormous. It highlights that there have been 15,917 Scheduled Class women raped. How many laws may come these atrocity peril will be end only when the Women themselves destroy all these shackles of slavery. I strongly believe that social education and political elevation of women are the foundations for all this change. That’s why Dr. Babasaheb insisted on the education of girls. He strongly believed that if a boy gets education, he is the only person to get educated in a family. Perhaps, if a girl child is educated in a family, the whole family is benefitted.

With regards,

Ambeth BE (Civil)

Dharmapuri,

Tamil Nadu.

( Mail: sakyanambeth@gmail.com

Blog: ambedkarambeth.blogspot.in)

Reference:

* Volume – 2 : Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar in the Bombay Legislature (1927 to 1939)

* Volume – 10: Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar as member of the Governor-General’s Executive Council (1942 – 1946)

* Volume – 14: Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar and the Hindu Code Bill.

* Volume 17, Part 3 – Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar Writings and Speeches.

* National Crime Records Bureau, 2001-11 reports.

Jai bheem..!

Long Live Ambedkarism….!!

3) November 26: “Constitutional day of India”:

It is one of the greatest historical day in the history of India. It was the day of “Liberty, Equality and Fraternity” based Democracy had came on 26th November 1949 in India. The Constituent Assembly accepted the draft Constitution. Though born as an Indian, I never proud for being an Indian. On one thing I thank to “Founding Father Of Modern India” Revolutionary Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar who gave ‘Liberty, Equality, Fraternity’ based Democracy in India irrespective of Caste, Class, gender and religion. Although India attained her independence on August 15, 1947, till 1949 it had no permanent constitution of its own and not functioning under the laws enacted. After many amendments the Constitution was approved and Revolutionary Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar presented the draft Constitution was accepted on November 26, 1949. Then it was adopted by the Constituent Assembly in the name of the people of India that came into force on January 26, 1950 marking the beginning of a new era in the history of India. In fact it was the day that the Constitution of India came into effect.

For making Constitution of India, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was appointed as Chairmen of the Drafting committe constituted by the Assembly, a greatest ultimate Brilliant Lawyer in India. It was not a simple work but to sculpt the big mountain to share all people rights equally. Many fellows wrongly thought that Dr. Babasaheb’s inclusion into constituent assembly was by Mr. Gandhi. But the entry of Dr. Babasaheb was mainly due to his professional approach, his excellent knowledge of constitution and his great work in “States and Minorities” which is a part foundation of our constitution today and his love over Our Nation. The Indian Constitution is greatly influenced by his revolutionary ideas and thoughts. Even the Congress and Gandhi’s Constitution Chairman was Malavankar or someone else from the Congress or Foreign constitutional experts, as its clear that Dr. Babasaheb was not even the last recommended person by Congress or Gandhi.

Dr. Babasaheb, having failed to get elected from Bombay due to Congress opposition, managed to enter the Constituent Assembly through the Bengal Assembly with the support of Jogendranath Mandal and other independent members who were Scheduled Class, Anglo-Indian member and even the Muslim League. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was the sole Schedule class representative in the Constituent Assembly of the Scheduled Castes Federation. Consequent upon the partition of Bengal, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar ceased to be a member of the Constituent Assembly. The work done by Dr. Babasaheb in various sub-committees ( Advisory Committee, Fundamental Rights sub-committee, Minorities sub-committee, Union Constitution Committee ) of the Constitutional Assembly was considered very useful. He submitted a memorandum to the Fundamental Rights sub-committee in which he gave concrete shape ideas. This memorandum was later published for wider circulation under the title “States and Minorities, what are their rights and how to secure them in the Constitution of free India”. This all convinced the Congress beyond doubt that the legislation and solidification of freedom would not be easy without the services of Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar. The Congress Party which had earlier opposed tooth and nail his entry into the Constituent Assembly came forward and sponsored his candidature. In his letter dated 30th June 1947, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, President of the Constituent Assembly requested Mr. B.G. Kher, the then Prime Minister of Bombay to elect Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar immediately. He wrote, “Apart from any other consideration we have found Dr. Ambedkar’s work both in the Constituent Assembly and the various committees to which he was appointed to he of such an order as to require that we should not he deprived of his services. As you know, he was elected from Bengal and after the division of the Province he has ceased to be a member of the Constituent Assembly. I am anxious that he should attend the next session of the Constituent Assembly commencing from the 14th July and it is therefore necessary that he should be elected immediately”.

Accordingly, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was re-elected in July 1947 from Bombay as a member of the Constituent Assembly. Soon after Prime Minister Nehru invited him to join the Cabinet he formed on 15th August 1947 on the eve of independence. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar accepted the invitation and became India’s first Law Minister. On 29th August the Assembly unanimously elected him as Chairman of the Drafting Committee which was assigned the task of framing the Constitution. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, who was a strong opponent of Congress had now become philosopher and guide in the Constitutional matters of India.
After the completion of his work, Dr.Babasaheb said “I feel the Constitution is workable; it is flexible and it is strong enough to hold the country together both in peace time and in war time”. T.T.Krishnamachari in his speech in Constituent assembly about Dr.Babasaheb’s dedicatory contribution said, “Out of the seven members selected to prepare the draft constitution, one resigned, one died, one left for America, one was busy with his work in princely state, one or two live away from Delhi, some had to be excused for health reasons, Dr.Ambedkar was the only one who had to bear the burnt.” The 1st President of India, Dr.Rajendra Prasad, praised the services rendered by Dr.Babasaheb in the making of the Constitution said, “I have carefully watched the day-to-day activities from the presidential seat. Therefore, I appreciate more than others with how much dedication and vitality this task has been carried out by the Drafting Committee and by its chairman Dr.Bhim Rao Ambedkar in particular. We never did a better thing than having Dr.Ambedkar on the Drafting Committee and selecting him as its chairman.”

 

Dr. Babasaheb in his speech in Constitutional Assembly, “I shall not therefore enter into the merits of the Constitution. Because I feel, however good a Constitution may be, it is sure to turn out bad because those who are called to work it, happen to be a bad lot. However bad a Constitution may be, it may turn out to be good if those who are called to work it, happen to be a good lot. The working of a Constitution does not depend wholly upon the nature of the Constitution. The Constitution can provide only the organs of State such as the Legislature, the Executive and the Judiciary. The factors on which the working of those organs of the State depend are the people and the political parties they will set up as their instruments to carry out their wishes and their politics. Who can say how the people of India and their parties will behave? Will they uphold constitutional methods of achieving their purposes or will they prefer revolutionary methods of achieving them ? If they adopt the revolutionary methods; however good the Constitution may be, it requires no prophet to say that it will fail. It is, therefore, futile to pass any judgement upon the Constitution without reference to the part which the people and their parties are likely to play. The constitution I offered, may be good or bad, it will depend on how the men in office use it. India lost its independence because one of us, one in power, betrayed. We must spend the last drop of blood to defend the freedom of our country”.

Reference:

* Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar Writings and Speeches: Volume 13, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar – The Principal Architect of the Constitution of India.
With regards,

Ambeth BE (Civil)

Dharmapuri,

Tamil Nadu.

( Mail: sakyanambeth@gmail.com

Blog: ambedkarambeth.blogspot.in)

 

Jai bheem..!

Long Live Ambedkarism….!!

Advertisements

5 Comments

  1. superb information but some correctins are needed the adult franchise which was first demanded by babasaheb in 1919 before southburrough commission at the age of 28.educational qualification must also be cooected….M,A(economics,socialogy,history,philosophy,anthropology,plotical science),Msc(economics in london school of economics).he got 60 certficate courses 29 in economics,11 in history,6 in sociology,5 in philosophy,4 in anthropology 3 in political science and 1 each in french and germn language…jai bheeem jai bharath

  2. Santosh Bhalerao says:

    Mr. Ambeth please share your contact no or please call me on 9561750969. I must say thank you personally for the information about Dr. Ambedkar. i m fan of you.

  3. very good informations. thanks brother. one more very very important msg in hindu code bill
    is not discussed in your pages. thats “Dr. Ambedkar as chairman of the constitutuon drafting committee was aware that those who prepared the first
    draft of the constitution in 1947 had cunningly enjoined provisions to protect Varunashrama dharma and traditional customs and usages. with an aim to defeat their purpose , Ambedkar presented the amendment in the form of the “Hindu code bill ” in 1947, that all the laws which were in force till date of adoption of the Indian constitution will stand abolished”
    now because of this, still MANU’S VARUNASHRAMA DHARMA is ruling in our constitution. manu is ruling INDIA.

  4. ambedkar was defeated by nehru and his team. rest is the history..

  5. Sunil M Shiyale says:

    There r two things why Dr Ambedkar abandomed the chair of law minister:
    * Nehru denied reservation for OBC.
    * Also denied Hindu code bill.
    Thanks…..

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: