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Knowledge and Society

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I compiled this article for presentation in part of my M.Phil Course work in 2011, in the Department of Social Exclusion Studies, The English and Foreign Languages University, Hyderabad – Karthik Navayan

The knowledge is the result of perception and learning and reasoning with factual information that one knows

And knowledge is a familiarity with someone or something unknown, which include information, facts, descriptions, or skills acquired through experience or education, it can refer to the theoretical or practical understanding of subject

Individuals produce the knowledge with their association with nature and society through experiments and experience, and they pass it to the other individuals in a society

The all-round development of a society depends on the knowledge that it produced and how effectively it used its knowledge

Knowledge concepts are organized, distributed and transmitted through the education system. It is through education that an individual can make better informed decisions, keep abreast of important issues and trends around him and it is education system that advances the knowledge.

But in India education system not reflecting the real knowledge that exists in the society, The Hindu caste system and its mythology is spread across not only in the country it is also more prevalent in the education system

The education system is a paradox and it is not producing any useful knowledge for Indian society

The Hindus praise Saraswathi as goddess of knowledge. But Saraswathi is not an accessible goddess to the untouchable castes and other lower caste groups, moreover Saraswathi never involved in producing or spreading knowledge.  Celebrating Saraswathi as a goddess of education is a part of mythologizing whole educations institutions is an unscientific

The real goddess of knowledge should be Savithri Bhai Phule who was the first female teacher of the first women’s school in India, was a social reformer, who, along with her husband, Mahatma Jotiba Phule, played an important role in improving women’s rights in India during the British Rule.

Practical knowledge of Indian society is associated with the people of this country it is not in the academics

According to a Celtic proverb “Knowledge comes through practice”. So not only by preaching People in this country knows human relations, life skills better than the academic teachings

So we can now say that there is no relation between the so-called Indian knowledge and Indian society in India

The so-called lower caste groups are more knowledgeable persons, and they are skilled are productive like  tanning leather, making pottery, weaving cloths, extracting toddy, gold smith (metal workers) carpenters and the people who produce the all necessary needs for the agriculture sector, taming animals and using them for agriculture and milk production. These all are not considered as knowledge in academics as well as in the society

These caste groups are involved in the knowledge production but they are branded as untouchables and lower castes so that the main stream society will not respect them and their concerns not reflects anywhere in the main stream only preaching is considered as knowledge in Indian society

The lower caste groups in India using worldly knowledge for  mankind to use the earth’s resources to improve the standard of living, grow more food, generate power to run factories and to light up streets and houses, manage factories and businesses, cure sickness, build flats and bridges, cook exotic dishes, and so on

A Japanese proverb says Knowledge without wisdom is a load of books on a fool’s back. It is true that the brahmanical upper castes are using their knowledge for harmful purposes such as building missiles with nuclear warheads, manipulating the stock market, cheating ‘legally’, and inflaming political anxiety and hatred. This knowledge is harmful to the society

The spiritual knowledge must be for personal salvation of man’s soul, it must maintain human brotherhood, love and affection for one another. And the spiritual knowledge should not be between man and god but between man and man.  Morality is the key note spiritual knowledge

Wisdom, democracy, moralities totally absent in Hindu spiritual knowledge in Hindu Spiritual knowledge the god himself author of all sorts of varnas and castes which is a route cause of untouchability, discrimination and inequalities

BUDDHA-DHAMMA is the democratic spiritual knowledge and only way for the construction of society. Dhamma means morality and it is a way of life. Dhamma Principles are not floating around in some metaphysical twilight zone. They have a clear purpose and practical value

Society forms ideals for all walks of life and then lets them become like stone in their minds. Society without Knowledge causes people’s opinions and actions to rely strictly on stereotypes. This difficulty is commonly known as ignorance. This is curable but people have to become open-minded and leave their reliance on society’s viewpoints behind them to get knowledge


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