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1.   In every country the intellectual class is the most influential class. This is the class which can foresee, advise and lead. In no country does the mass of the people live the life for intelligent thought the action. It is largely imitative and follows the intellectual class. There is no exaggeration in saying that the entire destination of the country depends upon its intellectual class. If the intellectual class is honest and dependent, it can be trusted to take the initiative and give a proper lead when a crisis arises. It is true that the intellect by itself is no virtue. It is only a means and the use of a means depends upon the ends which an intellectual person pursues. An intellectual man can be a good man but he may easily be a rogue. Similarly an intellectual class may be a band of high-souled persons, ready to help and ready to emancipate erring humanity or it may easily or it may easily be a gang of crooks or a body of advocates of narrow clique from which it draws it support.
2.   My final words of advice to you are educate, agitate and organize, have faith in yourself. With justice on our side. I do not want to see how we can loose our battle. The battle to me is a matter of joy. The battle is in the fullest sense spiritual. There is nothing material or social in it. For ours is a battle not for wealth or for power. It is battle for freedom. It is the battle of reclamation of human personality.

3.    On 26th January 1950, we are going to enter into a life of contradictions. In politics, we will have equality and in social and economic structure, continue to deny the principle of one man one value. How long shall we continue to live this life of contradictions? How long shall we continue to deny equality in our social and economic life? If we continue to deny it for long, we will do so only by putting our political democracy in peril. We must remove this contradiction at the earliest possible moment else those who suffer from inequality will blow up the structure of democracy which this Constituent Assembly has so laboriously built up.

4.   What you have lost others have gained. Your humiliations are a matter of pride with others. You are made to suffer wants, privations and humiliations not because it was pre-ordained by the sins committed in your previous birth, but because of the overpowering tyranny and treachery of those who are above you. You have no lands because others have usurped them, you have no posts because others have monopolized them. Do not believe in fate, believe in your strength.

5.   You must abolish slavery yourselves. Do not depend for its abolition upon god or a superman. Remember that it is not enough that a people are numerically in the majority. They must be always watchful, strong and self-respecting to attain and maintain success. We must shape our course ourselves and by ourselves.

6.   From the point of view of annihilation of caste, the struggle of the saints do not have any effects on society. The value of a man is axiomatic and self-evident, it does not come to him from the gliding of Bhakti. The saints did not struggle establish this point. On the contrary their struggle had very unhealthy effect on the depressed classes. It provided the Brahmins with an excuse to silence them by telling them that they would be respected if they attained the status of Chokhamela.

7.   Positively, my social philosophy may be said to be enshrined in three word, liberty, equality and fraternity. Let no one however say that I borrowed by philosophy from the French Revolution. I have not. My philosophy has its roots in religion and not in political science. I have derived them from the teachings of my master, the Buddha.

8.   Learn to live in this world with self-respect. You should always cherish some ambition of doing something in this world. But remember that the age of selfishness has ended. A new epoch is set in. All things are now possible because of your being able to participate in the politics and legislature of your country.

9.     I measure the progress of community by the degree of progress, which women have achieved.

10.   Political tyranny is nothing compared to the social tyranny and a reformer who defies society is more courageous man than a politician who defies Government.

11.    have injustice, tyranny, pompousness and humbug, and my hatred embraces all those who are guilty of them. I want to tell my critics that I regard by feelings of hatred as a real force. They are only the reflexes of love I bear for the cause I believe in and I am in no wise ashamed of it.

12.  There is nothing fixed, nothing eternal, nothing sanatan, everything is changing, change is the law of life for individuals as well as for society, in a changing society there must be constant revolution of old values.

13. Reservation demand is for protection against aggressive communal-ism of ruling class who wants to dominate the servile/depressed classes in field of life.


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